Lasers have been used in dental treatments since 1994. In cosmetic dentistry, root canal treatment, pediatric dentistry, orthodontics, periodontal treatment, oral surgery and implantology. Laser provides you a painless treatment with no injections and faster healing.
Laser dental treatments:
- Gum treatment and Gingival pocket decontamination :
Laser in general has un ability to sterilize any surface just touched by laser beam In periodontal laser therapy, the dentist uses the dental laser to reach and eliminate the inflamed gingival tissues around the teeth roots. After removing the infected tissues the root will be exposed without bleeding, so it can be seen and reached by our scaling tools then the root scaling begins. This includes scraping off the calculus and eliminating plaque existed beneath the gingival line around the root. The dentist then starts the root planning (smoothing the root surface) with special instruments to remove any rough areas and spots that might attract and collect the bacterial colonies and cause future infections. The gap between the internal gum surface and the root surface can then regenerate during the healing process.
Removing of all surrounding calculus deposits on teeth and root surfaces ends the infection, sterilizes the gum sulcus and eliminates the bacteria in the gingival pockets.
Gum Depigmentation (Bleaching):
The most communal reason of darker colors in the gums is genetics. The gum can always builds up the melanin which is the responsible for giving the color of our skin, hair and eyes. Extra melanin in the gums makes them look brown or black instead of pink. This is more common in certain ethnic groups like people from African or Middle East origins. The extra pigmentation is not an indication for any disease or dysfunction; it’s just like a skin color. Patients looking for a treatment because of an aesthetic preference only and the normal and good looking pink gums that showcase their teeth better.
There’re another causes for gum pigmentation include smoking, side effects from definite medications and probable effect of amalgam fillings on the gingiva.
- Gum re-contouring:
after using the DSD software (Digital Smile Design) to determine the standard dimensions of the teeth, smile line, med line, teeth shape and color on the screen the software gives us standard shape and dimensions also for the gum line; which means the gingival curves around the anterior teeth. Reshaping and drawing the new standard gum line which was given by the DSD can be achieved by dental laser to enhance the beauty of the smile especially in gummy smile situations which means showing a wide part of the gum while smiling.
- Tooth decay:
Lasers are used to remove decayed tissues within a tooth in highly accurate way, laser can eliminate the demineralized and affected parts only of the tooth without touching the healthy parts of enamel and that depends on the deferent amounts of water found in both tissues the healthy and the defected ones, then a prepare host place in the surrounding enamel will be done for receipt of the filling. Lasers are also used to "cure" or harden a filling
- Biopsy or lesion removal:
Lasers can be used to remove a small piece of tissue (called a biopsy) so that it can be examined. Lasers are also used to remove lesions in the mouth; and relieve the pain.
- Teeth whitening:
Lasers are used to Accelerate the procedures of in-office teeth whitening. After applying the whitening materials on the tooth surfaces they are activated by laser energy, which speeds up of the whitening process.
Other dental procedures can be done by laser
Dental lasers also can be used to:
- Reduce the discomfort of canker and cold sores.
- Uncover partially erupted wisdom teeth.
- Change muscle attachments places that limit proper movement of the tongue or the lip.
- Frenectomy(removing muscle attachments places) of the lip which may cause diastema (a space between the two of centrals teeth ) or delayed eruption of the anterior teeth.
- Dealing with gum tissue during impressions procedure for crowns or other procedures.
- Remove overgrown gingival tissues caused by specific medications.
- Perform biopsy procedures.
- Remove inflamed gingiva and aid in the treatment of gum inflammation.
- Crown lengthening procedures by removing little part of bone then reshape the gum.
- Help treat infections in root canals.
- Speed up tooth whitening procedures.
- Teeth Desensitization: The sensitivity will be cured in two weeks
Are dental lasers safe?
If the dental laser is used by a trained dentist according to suitable practices, it will be at least as safe as other dental tools. However, the dentist, the assistant, the patient and any other person should just as you wear special eyeglasses to protect your eyes from the laser. The waterlaze is considered the most save kind of laser to human eyes comparing with other kinds, and the protective eyeglasses are just like sunglasses to protect your eyes from prolonged exposure to the sun.